Tempio Rotondo

Panel 62 - Location

The temple was built in the first half of the 3rd century AD in an area previously occupied by a public square accessible from the Basilica.

The complex, grandiose and striking in appearance, consisted of an enclosure decorated with niches (A) and of the cult building proper, set against the back wall.

Panel 62 - Figure 1Proposed reconstruction of the longitudinal section of the Tempio Rotondo
(C.R. Briggs)

The latter, accessed along a monumental staircase, had a porch (B) with ten columns in valuable Greek marble and a large circular cella with niches for statues (C).

Panel 62 - Figure 2Proposed reconstruction of the longitudinal section of the Tempio Rotondo
(P. Pensabene)

The domed vault covering the cella could be reached along two spiral staircases (D), one of which is very well preserved.

The temple was probably dedicated to the Imperial cult, as suggested by the discovery nearby of fragments of colossal heads of emperors of the Severan dynasty (3rd century AD).

Panel 62 - Figure 3Portrait of the emperor Alexander Severus (AD 222-235) found in the area of Tempio Rotondo
(Museo Nazionale Romano)
Panel 62 - Figure 4Portrait of the emperor Gordian III (AD 238-244) found in the area of Tempio Rotondo
(Museo Nazionale Romano)

See also: